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Sexual Violence includes a wide range of victimizations, including rape or attempted rape. These can include completed or attempted acts generally involving nonconsensual sexual contact between the survivor and offender.
- Sexual violence may or may not involve force and include such things as grabbing or fondling.
- Sexual violence also includes verbal threats.
- The term sexual violence encompasses the more global scope of the problem.
The Coalition defines sexual violence as any nonconsensual sexual act, or any sexual act where "no" is not a viable option for any person involved (due to coercion, drug/alcohol use, physical or mental incapacitation, etc). However, when choosing to report acts of sexual violence to law enforcement, there are more specific definitions for the crimes of rape, sodomy and sexual abuse. These crimes are listed in as Oregon Revised Statutes 163.305-163.479
Prepared by the National Violence Against Women Prevention Research Center, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, May 2004. Dean G. Kilpatrick, Ph.D. & Kenneth J. Ruggiero, Ph.D.
Report to the State on the Incidence and Prevalence of Forcible Completed Rape in Oregon.
Prepared by the Oregon Department of Human Services, Office of Family Health and the Attorney General's Sexual Assault Task Force, 2006.
Oregon's Sexual Assault Victim Emergency Medical Response (SAVE) Fund
The Sexual Assault Victim Emergency Medical Response (SAVE) fund
, administered by the Oregon Department of Justice, Crime Victims' Assistance Section (CVAS), is used to pay for medical and forensic medical exams for victims of sexual assault in Oregon. Established as a public/private partnership, the fund receives no General Fund (tax dollars) from the State. The services are paid for through private donations and some matching federal funds.
The purpose of the SAVE Fund is to ensure greater access to medical assessments for survivors of sexual assault, regardless of ability to pay. A survivor needs only to request that an eligible medical provider perform a sexual assault exam within 7 days of an assault in order to be eligible for the exam to be paid by the SAVE Fund, and a survivor need not report to law enforcement in order to access the fund. The exam may or may not include evidence collection, sexually transmitted infection (STI) prophylaxis and/or emergency contraception. A confidential, one page form will be completed at the medical facility and submitted by the medical facility for payment.
The SAVE Fund pays for any of or all the elements of a "Complete" Medical Assessment, which includes the collection of forensic evidence and must be conducted within 84 hours of the assault; and for any of or all the elements of a "Partial" Medical Assessment which does not include the collection of forensic evidence and must be conducted within 7 days of the assault.
Sexual harassment is any deliberate or repeated sexual behavior that is unwelcome to the recipient. Sexual favors may be demanded or suggested as a condition of employment, or a hostile work environment may be created through sexual comments, jokes, pictures, or inappropriate touching.
What can victims of sexual harassment do?
Tell the perpetrator his behavior is unwelcome
Keep a log with specific dates, times, locations, and witnesses
Talk to a supervisor
Contact the human resources department
File a formal complaint
Contact a local sexual assault program
What can employers do?
Employers should have a sexual harassment policy that includes a definition of sexual harassment, a statement of zero tolerance, procedures for filing a complaint, and disciplinary procedures. Violations of the sexual harassment policy should be strictly enforced.
For more information on sexual harassment see the National Women's Law Center website. For resources on sexual harassment in the schools, go to the Wellesley Centers for Women website.
Male Survivors of Sexual Violence
1 in 6 men have experienced abusive sexual experiences before age 18. And this is probably a low estimate, since it doesn't include noncontact experiences, which can also have lasting negative effects. The organizations below offer confidential services and resources: